许天月,张俊杰,魏家乐,成永之,段 蕊.叶酸形式、稳定性及天然化叶酸的研究进展[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2024,15(2):266-274
叶酸形式、稳定性及天然化叶酸的研究进展
Research progress on folate forms, stability and naturalization folate
投稿时间:2023-12-06  修订日期:2024-01-18
DOI:
中文关键词:  合成叶酸  天然叶酸  天然化叶酸  代谢途径  稳定性
英文关键词:folic acid  folate  naturalization folate  metabolic pathway  stability
基金项目:江苏省高等学校重点发展计划(PAPD)、江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划(KYCX2023-125)。
作者单位
许天月 江苏海洋大学海洋食品与生物工程学院 
张俊杰 江苏海洋大学海洋科学与水产学院 
魏家乐 江苏海洋大学海洋食品与生物工程学院 
成永之 连云港金康和信药业有限公司 
段 蕊 江苏海洋大学海洋科学与水产学院 
AuthorInstitution
XU Tian-Yue School of Marine Food and Bioengineering, Jiangsu Ocean University 
ZHANG Jun-Jie School of Marine Science and Fisheries, Jiangsu Ocean University 
WEI Jia-Le School of Marine Food and Bioengineering, Jiangsu Ocean University 
CHENG Yong-Zhi Lianyungang Jinkang Hexin Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd 
DUAN Rui School of Marine Science and Fisheries, Jiangsu Ocean University 
摘要点击次数: 45
全文下载次数: 34
中文摘要:
      叶酸作为甲基供体参与了许多重要的生物化学反应过程。叶酸缺乏会引发新生儿神经管畸形、癌症、心血管疾病等。天然叶酸存在于各类食品中, 但稳定性差, 在加工过程中会大量损失, 生物利用度低。合成叶酸常用于膳食补充剂及强化食品中, 相比天然叶酸稳定性较好, 生物利用度较高, 但存在代谢风险。天然化叶酸是天然叶酸的稳定形式, 无代谢障碍, 可直接被人体吸收利用。目前, 天然叶酸和合成叶酸的稳定性研究通常只聚焦在pH、温度、光照、氧气等其中一个因素。本文对比了天然叶酸和合成叶酸的代谢途径, 总结了光照、温度、pH和氧气对天然叶酸和合成叶酸稳定性的影响。另外, 介绍了天然化叶酸的研究进展, 为其在食品领域中的开发应用提供理论依据。
英文摘要:
      Folate is involved in many important biochemical processes as a methyl donor, and folate deficiency can cause neural tube malformations in newborns, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and so on. Folate is present in various types of foods, but it is poorly stabilized, lost in large amounts during processing, and has low bioavailability. Folic acid is commonly used in dietary supplements and fortified foods, and is more stable and bioavailable than folate, but carries metabolic risks. Naturalization folate is a stabilized form of folate without metabolic barriers and can be directly absorbed and utilized by the body. Currently, the stability studies of folic acid and folate usually focus on only one of the factors such as pH, temperature, light and oxygen. This paper compared the metabolic pathways of folate and folic acid, and summarized the effects of pH, temperature, light, and oxygen on the stability of folate and folic acid. In addition, introduced the research progress of naturalization folate, which is expected to provide theoretical basis for its development and application in the food industry.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器