张 帅,韩 冰,马春敏,杨 杨,边 鑫,王 冰,张 光,张 娜.超声协同大豆分离蛋白对米粉和米面包品质的影响及机制研究[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2024,15(2):19-27
超声协同大豆分离蛋白对米粉和米面包品质的影响及机制研究
Effect of ultrasound synergized soybean isolate protein on the quality of rice flour and rice bread and its mechanism
投稿时间:2023-11-03  修订日期:2024-01-22
DOI:
中文关键词:  大豆分离蛋白  超声  碎米  米粉  米面包  品质
英文关键词:soy protein isolate  ultrasound  broken rice  rice flour  rice bread  quality
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2021YFD2100902-3)、省“双一流”学科协同创新成果项目(LJGXCG202080;LJGXCG202083)、中央引导地方科技发展专项项目(ZY2022B-HRB-12)、黑龙江省青年科技人才托举工程项目(2022QNTJ010)、哈尔滨商业大学“青年科研创新人才”培育计划
作者单位
张 帅 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
韩 冰 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
马春敏 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
杨 杨 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
边 鑫 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
王 冰 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
张 光 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
张 娜 哈尔滨商业大学食品工程学院 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Shuai College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
HAN Bing College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
MA Chun-Min College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
YANG Yang College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
BIAN Xin College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
WANG Bing College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
ZHANG Guang College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
ZHANG Na College of Food Science and Engineering, Harbin Universiyt of Commerce 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究超声协同大豆分离蛋白(soybean isolate protein, SPI)对米粉以及米面包品质的影响。方法 以碎米为主要原料, 5个梯度(0%、3%、6%、9%、12%, 以碎米粉质量计)的大豆分离蛋白(soybean isolate protein, SPI)为辅料, 比较超声协同5个梯度SPI对混合粉热机械学特性、糊化特性、流变特性以及米面包比容、损耗率、感官评价的影响。结果 与未进行超声处理的样品相比, 超声协同SPI处理的米粉的吸水率从64.90±0.00增加至94.80±0.00, 其混合粉的峰值黏度从2704.00±47.76降低至1567.00±116.73, 表明超声使淀粉部分支链断裂, 生成大量短直链淀粉, 导致分子量下降, 相互作用减弱; 超声处理后的样品储能模量(G')曲线随着SPI含量的增加呈现出先降低后增加再降低的趋势, 损耗模量(G")曲线呈现出逐渐降低的趋势。当SPI添加量为9%时, 米面包的比容达到最大值, 为(0.86±0.08) mL/g, 感官评分从50.05±3.75增加至86.27±2.28; 当SPI添加量达到12%时, 米面包的损耗率达到最低。结论 综上所述, 采用9% SPI的方法制备米面包, 可以有效地改善米面包品质, 本研究为米面包在食品领域的应用提供了理论基础。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the effects of ultrasound synergized soybean isolate protein (SPI) on the quality of rice flour as well as rice bread. Methods Using broken rice as the main ingredient and 5 gradients (0%, 3%, 6%, 9%, and 12% by mass of broken rice flour) of SPI as the excipient, the effects of ultrasonically synergizing the 5 gradients of SPI on the thermo-mechanical properties, pasting properties, and rheological properties of the blended flour, as well as on the specific volume of the rice bread, the rates of loss, and the organoleptic evaluation were compared. Results Compared with the non-ultrasounded samples, the water absorption of the ultrasound synergized SPI-treated rice flour increased from 64.90±0.00 to 94.80±0.00, and the peak viscosity of its blended flour decreased from 2704.00±47.76 to 1567.00±116.73, indicating that ultrasound broke some of the branched chains of the starch, generating a large number of short straight-chained starches, which resulted in a decrease in the molecular weight and a interactions were weakened. The storage modulu (G') curves of the ultrasonically treated samples showed a decreasing then increasing and then decreasing trend with the increase of SPI content, and the loss modulus (G") curves showed a gradual decreasing trend. At 9% SPI addition, the specific volume of rice bread reached a maximum value of (0.86±0.08) mL/g and the sensory score increased from 50.05±3.75 to 86.27±2.28; the loss rate of rice bread was minimized when SPI was added at 12%. Conclusion In conclusion, the preparation of rice bread with 9% SPI can effectively improve the quality of rice bread. This study provides a theoretical basis for the application of rice bread in the food sector.
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