杨新月,赵艳坤,郑 楠,刘慧敏,华震宇,曹双瑜,武亚婷,陈 贺.乳品中邻苯二甲酸酯类塑化剂的检测与安全控制研究进展[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2024,15(2):56-63
乳品中邻苯二甲酸酯类塑化剂的检测与安全控制研究进展
Research progress on the detection and safety control of phthalate plasticizers in dairy products
投稿时间:2023-11-13  修订日期:2024-01-20
DOI:
中文关键词:  乳品  邻苯二甲酸酯类  塑化剂  安全控制
英文关键词:dairy  phthalates  plasticizers  safety control
基金项目:新疆天山创新团队项目(2022D14016)、新疆重大科技专项(2022A02006-1)、新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金资助项目(2022D01B166)、新疆农产品质量安全监管(风险评估)项目(xjfp2024001)
作者单位
杨新月 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
赵艳坤 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
郑 楠 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所, 农业农村部奶及奶制品质量安全控制重点实验室 
刘慧敏 中国农业科学院北京畜牧兽医研究所, 农业农村部奶及奶制品质量安全控制重点实验室 
华震宇 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
曹双瑜 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
武亚婷 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
陈 贺 新疆农业科学院农业质量标准与检测技术研究所, 农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室(乌鲁木齐), 新疆农产品质量安全实验室 
AuthorInstitution
YANG Xin-Yue Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
ZHAO Yan-Kun Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
ZHENG Nan Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Quality & Safety Control for Milk and Dairy Products of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 
LIU Hui-Min Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Quality & Safety Control for Milk and Dairy Products of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 
HUA Zhen-Yu Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
CAO Shuang-Yu Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
WU Ya-Ting Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
CHEN He Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Agro-products (Urumqi), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality & Safety 
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中文摘要:
      乳品是合理膳食的重要组成部分, 是人类重要的营养源之一。乳品从生产到上市需要经过多重环节, 极易在生产、加工以及包装过程中受到塑化剂的污染, 需要引起重点关注。邻苯二甲酸酯(phthalates, PAEs)类化合物是最常用的塑化剂之一, 能够提高材料的耐久性和弹性, 但由于PAEs和塑料基质连接不够紧密, 可从基质迁移到环境或食品中, 因此有必要对乳品中的PAEs进行检测和风险评估。本文阐述了乳品中塑化剂的来源和危害, 介绍了PAEs在国内外采集工具、护理品、食品中的限量要求, 针对乳品中PAEs的多种检测方法展开文献调研, 包括气相色谱法、液相色谱-串联质谱法、免疫分析法等, 通过总结、归纳、比较现阶段各类方法的优缺点, 以及适用情况和场合, 以期为不同需求的乳品中塑化剂检测提供有效的方法选择。
英文摘要:
      Dairy is an important part of a sound diet, as well as an vital source of nutrition for humans. Dairy products are susceptible to contamination by plasticizers during production, processing and packaging as they pass through multiple stages from production to market, and need to be given priority attention. Phthalates (PAEs) are one of the most commonly used plasticizers, which can improve the durability and elasticity of materials. However, since PAEs are not tightly connected to the plastic matrix, they can migrate from the matrix to the environment or food. Therefore, it is necessary to detect and assess the risk of PAEs in dairy products. This paper described the sources and hazards of plasticizers in dairy products, and introduced the limits of PAEs in collection tools, care products and foodstuffs at home and abroad. Literature research was carried out on various detection methods for PAEs in dairy products, including gas chromatography, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and immunoassay, etc.. This paper summarized, generalized and compared the advantages and disadvantages as well as the applicability and occasions of various methods at the present stage, with a view to providing an effective choice of methods for the detection of plasticizers in dairy products with different needs.
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